Taj Mahal – Love Story of Shah Jahan & Mumtaz
Who is not aware of the magnificent 7th wonder of the World – Taj Mahal. A mausoleum built completely with white marble stone in Agra, India is a jewel of art in India and one of the universally most admired world’ heritage. Known for its construction, calligraphy, decorations, carvings, paintings and other artistic styles, Taj Mahal is being designated as “The jewel of Muslim art in India.” by UNESCO.
History of Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal was Built in between 1631 AD to 1648 AD on the right back of Yamuna River in a vast Mughal Garden of 17 hectares narrates an eternal love story of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.
Who built this mausoleum in the memory of his most beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal and therefore, considered as a living example of eternal love.
Shah Jahan was the son of Mughal Emperor Jehangir and the grandson of Akbar. In 1607 when roaming with courtiers in the Meena bazaar of the Mughal fort, Shah Jahan caught a glimpse of a girl hawking silk and glass beads.
Love Story of Shah Jahan & Mumtaz Mahal
It was love at first sight for Shah Jahan who at that time was known as Prince Khurram. That beautiful girl was Arjumand Banu Begum, a Muslim Persian princess who later was popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal.
However, at that time Arjumand was 15 years old and Prince Khurram was only 14. After meeting Arjumand, Prince Khurram sought permission from his father Emperor Jehangir to marry Arjumand.
The marriage took place after 5 years in the year 1612 AD. When in 1628 AD Shah Jahan became the Mughal Emperor, he entrusted Arjumand Banu with the royal seat and bestowed her title “Mumtaz Mahal” which means “The Jewel of the Palace”.
Mumtaz Mahal was the fourth wife of Shah Jahan and his favorite too who used to accompany him even in military campaigns.
In 1631 AD, the tragedy took place in their happily married life when Mumtaz Mahal died; while giving birth to their 14th child. Shah Jahan was on her beside when Mumtaz Mahal was on her deathbed.
The Emperor took the vow that nobody would ever take the place of Mumtaz Mahal in his life and the richest mausoleum over her grave. Shah Jahan was heavily grieved after her death and ordered two years of court mourning. Sometime after her death, Shah Jahan undertook the task of constructing the world’s most beautiful monument; in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The construction started in 1631 AD and got complete in 1643 AD; but the work of gardens and other phases for the next 10 years. It took 22 years to complete the masterpiece.
Around 20000 workers involved in this construction under the guidance of the board of architects led by the court architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The cost involved at that time was approx 32 million rupees; which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees or USD 827 million.
The monument centers tomb in a 17-hectare complex which includes a mosque; guest house and surrounded by gardens bounded on three sides by the crenelated wall.
The love of Shah Jahan for Mumtaz Mahal did not fade away but kept on increasing. It was told that a window is construct-ed in Shah Jahan room in Agra Fort.
From where Taj Mahal is visible even today. When the emperor died in 1666 AD, his body is rest next to the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal.
Now, Taj Mahal is one of the most visited tourist places in India. As per UNESCO, in 2014 the documented number of visitors that stepped into the monument is 7-8 million.
Taj Mahal Timings & Closing day
The complex is open on full moon night also and two days before and after. The monument is close on Fridays and in the month of Ramadan.
This magnificent monument now is among the “New Seven Wonders of the World”; which even today mesmerizing all the tourists with its bewitching beauty and narrates the eternal undying beauty.
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