Chhath Puja 2020
Chhath puja is a most ancient Hindu Festival which is dedicated to lord Sun and Chhathi Maiya. Chhathi Maiya is the manas daughter of Lord Bramha. It is a prominent festival for the North Indian state of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal and some parts of Nepal.
This Chhath puja is done in order to thank them for bestowing the bounties of life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes. It does not involve any idol worship.
What is Chhath Puja
It is not just a festival, It’s a carnival of joy and love blended with devotion and holiness that brings families and friends together. Chhath Puja is celebrated on the 6th day of the month of Karthika.
And also the word “Chhath” means the number 6 in Hindi and Nepali. Also, these Puja practices are performed by the devotees to complete the 6 stages of purification.
Devotees also offer their gratitude to the Sun God Surya along with the Goddesses- Ushakaal (the first rays of the morning) and Pratyusha (the last rays of the evening) because it is believed that the Sun is a prime source of energy that strengthens all the lives on the Earth.
Sugarcane Sticks of Lalahi Chhath
The 5 sugarcane sticks indicate the Panchatattva which is Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Space, which considers that the human body is made up of Panchatattva.
Panchatattva Stages involve in the Chhath Puja is completed in six important stages of purity.
First– Detoxification of the Soul & Body.
Second– Standing in the water at riverside during Araghya (Sanjhiya & Bihaniya), so that half part of the body should in the water and half part out of water for elevating to the Sushumna.
Third– This stage is called as Triveni Complex that opens the entrance of cosmic solar energy in the body.
Fourth– In this stage, Triveni Complex gets activated.
Fifth– The devotees transformed into a cosmic powerhouse & gets the Kundalini Shakti by Triveni Complex.
Sixth– This is the last process of purification of soul & body that makes the body to recycle and pass on the energy into the entire universe.
Chhath Puja falls Twice in a Year
Chhath Puja is observed twice in a year i.e. once during the summer and once during the winter. According to the Hindu calendar.
it is 1st observed on the 6th day after the festival of Holi during the Chaitra month. This Chhath Puja is also known as Chaiti Chhath and Surya Puja.
The 2nd Chhath Puja falls on the sixth day of Kartik month, which falls after Diwali. This Chhath Puja is also called as Kartik Chhath.
It falls in the month of October or November according to the Gregorian English Calendar. Chhath Puja is also celebrated in the month of Chaitra.
It is believed that once a family begins with Puja they have to perform it yearly, as well as pass it has to pass to the next generations. It can only be skipped when there is a death of a person in the family that year.
Chhath Puja 2020 Date and Muhurat
Chhath puja in 2020 Puja will be celebrated from 18th November & will continue till 21st November 2020. ‘Nahaye Khaye’ on 18th November.
‘Lohanda or Kharna’ on 19th November, ‘Sandhya Arghya’ on 20th November. and ‘Usha Arghya’ on 21st November. It begins 4 days after Diwali.
Chhath Puja on Friday, 20 November 2020
Sunrise on Chhath Puja Day – 06:44 AM
Sunset on Chhath Puja Day – 05:26 PM
Story of Lalahi Chhath Puja
Origin of Lalahi Chhath Puja has many believed But Lalahi Chhath Puja was started by the Surya Putra Karna, the great Mahabharata warrior who ruled over the Anga Desh (Currently Munger district of Bihar).
During the Mahabharata period, the festival was also observed especially by the Pandavas and Draupadi for regaining their lost kingdom.
Secondly, another story behind celebrating the Chhath puja is the story of Lord Rama. It is believed that Lord Rama of Ayodhya and Devi Sita of Mithila had kept fast and also offered puja to the Lord Sun.
In the month of Kartika in Shukla Paksha; during their coronation after returning to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile.
Thirdly It is also believed that the rishis of yore used this method to remain without any external intake of food as they were able to obtain energy directly from the sun’s rays.
This was done through the Chhath method. Sun worship is related to the cure for a range of diseases. And Fourthly It is also believed that Kings used to call upon the Purohits to perform the traditional puja of the Sun God.
Hymns were chanted from the sacred Vedas for worshipping the Sun God Surya. However, in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand, Chhath puja is an official holiday.
Four Important Days of Lalahi Chhath
Nahay Khay On the 1st day; the devotees get up before in the morning before the sunrises and take a Holy bath in the Ganges. Some people even carry holy water and use it while cooking food.
The home and its surroundings should be kept clean on this day. They only take food which is made of ghee and also without onion and ginger-garlic.
Lohanda and Kharna On the second day that is Panchami; the devotees observe fast during the day time. devotees fast for the whole day and break their fast in the evening after sunset after the worship of the earth.
They prepare offerings of kheer (a rice pudding), bananas and rice for their family. After eating the offering women’s fast for 24 hours without water.
Day 3: Sandhya Arghya (evening offering) OR Pahela AraghOn the third day, the actual day of lalahi Chhath; The devotees offer Sanjhiya Argha at the ghat of the riverbank.
After the puja, it is essential to wear clothes in turmeric color. Other family members wait to get the blessings from the worshipper.
This day is more like a Mela because the whole city gathers on the bank of the river for the pooja, its like a carnival.
Day 4: Usha Arghya – the morning offering OR Dusra Aragh On the last day of lalahi chhath. The devotees and their family go to the river before sunrise around 3 AM-4 AM morning so that they can do offerings to rising Sun.
While standing in the water, they offer ‘Aragh’ and ‘prasad’ to the rising Sun. The fast is then broken by eating the Chhath Prasad.
At the night of Chhath People celebrate it by lighting the lamps of clay diyas under the covering of 5 sugarcane sticks.
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